Health & Fitness

Understanding Periodontitis and Finding Gum Specialists in New York

The objective of deep cleaning is to remove etiologic agents that can lead to inflammation of the gum and bone. Common etiologic agents removed by this effective periodontal therapy include dental tartar and plaque. Doctors Network has simplified the process of finding a gum specialist in New York who takes your insurance for periodontitis treatment.

These non-surgical procedures which thoroughly cleanse the periodontium, work very effectively for patients suffering from gingivitis, gum inflammation, or even severe periodontal disease.

Reasons for needing deep cleaning

Scaling and root planing can be used as a prophylactic measure as well as a stand-alone service. Deep cleaning is performed as a preventative measure for a periodontitis sufferer.
Here are a few reasons why deep cleanings may be necessary:

  • Aesthetic effects
    Scaling and root planing helps clean off calculus and plaque from tooth roots and below the gumline. On top of that, if stains are present on the teeth, they will be cleaned when getting the deep cleaning procedure.
  • Tooth protection
    When gingival pockets are deeper than 3mm, there is a greater risk of periodontal disease. As pockets become deeper, they tend to house more colonies of harmful bacteria. Eventually, a chronic inflammatory response by the body begins to destroy bone and gingival tissue which could lead to tooth loss. Periodontitis is the main cause of edentulism in the developed world.
  • Disease prevention
    The anaerobic bacteria that cause periodontitis can travel via the bloodstream to other organs of the body. Research supports that heart disease and lung infections have been linked to oral bacteria. Scaling and root planing removes bacteria and halts periodontal disease from progressing, thus preventing the infection from infecting other parts of the body.
  • Better breath
    One of the most detectable signs of periodontal disease is halitosis. Bacteria and decaying food can cause a persistent bad odor in the mouth which is alleviated with procedures such as deep cleaning.

To find the best New York gum specialists, visit Doctors Network.

What does scaling and root planing involve?

Deep cleaning procedures are only performed after an exam of the mouth and teeth. The dentist, will take dental X-rays, perform visual exams, and make a clinical diagnosis before advising or performing the scaling and root planing procedures.

Based on the condition of the gingival, the amount of plaque and calculus present, the gingival pocket depths, and the severity of the gum disease, local or topical anesthetic may be used.

Scaling

This treatment is performed using special dental instruments and can include an ultrasonic cleaning device. The scaling tool removes calculus and plaque from the root as well as the crown surfaces. Most of the time, the scaling instrument includes irrigation of the gingival pockets that can be used to administer an antibacterial agent below the gumlines to reduce oral bacteria.

Root Planing

This procedure is the treatment that serves to remove the surface dentin and root cementum that is infected with unwanted bacteria, calculus, and toxins. The root of the tooth is smoothed to promote good healing. Having smooth and clean root surfaces stops micro-organisms from colonizing in the future.

After this deep cleaning procedure, the gingival may be treated with antibiotic agents. This will reduce irritation and help the gum tissues heal faster.

During your next visit, the New York dentist or hygienist will thoroughly examine the gingival tissues again to see how they have healed. If the gum pockets still measure deeper than 3mm, more aggressive treatments may be suggested.
If you are searching for local Manhattan dental professionals, visit Doctors Network!

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